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Understanding the Risks and Complications of Abortion

Risks and Complications of Abortion

How Abortions are Done:

There are different types of procedures for abortions. Some abortions are done through medication and others are done through surgery. 

Medical abortion:

Medical abortion involves pills that terminate a pregnancy. The first pill is a mifepristone pill followed by another medication called misoprostol. Mifepristone stops the pregnancy from continuing to develop and misoprostol causes the uterus to empty itself, ending the pregnancy.

Surgical abortion:

It is done by a trained professional in an abortion clinic or a hospital. There are different types of surgical abortions – vacuum aspiration, dilation and evacuation. 

This procedure uses gentle suction to empty your uterus. It will contract as the uterine tissue is removed.

This procedure is lengthy. At first, the provider dilates (or widens) the cervix to make it easier to remove the pregnancy tissue. You may take medications that soften the uterus and cause it to contract, to help with that.

Then, they will use forceps to remove the foetus and placenta, a tube to suction out the uterus, and a scoop-like instrument called a curette to scrape out the uterine lining.


The Risks and Complications of Abortions:

Since there are different types of abortion procedures, each one of them has its own risks and complications.

Medical abortions:

The most common side effect of medical abortion is heavy bleeding that lasts for a few days as well as cramps. If it is severe then you should call a healthcare professional.

Cramping and bleeding are parts of the process because abortion pills cause your uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy tissue. Moderate pain, while uncomfortable, is usually a sign that your medication is working.

The worst of the pain and bleeding will happen within the first few hours, but lesser cramps and spotting can linger for several weeks.

Some people also experience symptoms like nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, breast tenderness, and fatigue. 

Surgical abortion:

Side effects after this procedure include bleeding or spotting, cramps, nausea, sweating and dizziness.

There is a small risk of infection. The chance of experiencing an infection from a vacuum aspiration abortion is higher than it is from medical abortion. Your provider may prescribe you an antibiotic to help reduce infection risk.

Side effects include bleeding, cramping, breast engorgement, diarrhoea,  vomiting or chills.

Some complications are possible such as infection, perforation, and excessive bleeding or haemorrhage.

People suffering from certain health conditions need to have their abortion in a hospital setting instead of a clinic for their safety. These include bleeding diathesis, the use of anticoagulant medication or a pelvic infection. 


Is Abortion Safe?

Abortion is a safe procedure in which most patients do not suffer any long-term side-effects or complications. It is important to do it in a recognized abortion clinic or hospital. 

This is why you should go to the Chennai Abortion Clinic for an abortion. You will get a safe, quick and effective abortion from us with no or very few complications.

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