How to avoid getting pregnant

How to avoid getting pregnant

Have you ever wondered about to how to avoid getting pregnant?

I mean seriously, why go through the hassle of a medical abortion when you can avoid getting pregnant in the first place!

In this awesome post, we are going to discuss everything on…

How to avoid getting pregnant!

So here is the thing…

A planned and well prepared for parenthood is a boon for couples.

On the contrary, an unplanned or unexpected pregnancy may be emotionally devastating considering the huge responsibility it demands.

It is every couple right to be able to regulate their fertility and to choose when they actually want to get pregnant.

But you cant always avoid getting pregnant. Since nature is seemingly more powerful

Give below are 10 quick tips that will help you avoid getting pregnant.

1. Try safe sex with protection

Condoms :

The male condom if used in the proper way is a good method of contraception.

It not only prevents pregnancy by acting as a barrier to the entry of sperms into the vagina but also protects the sexual partners from sexually transmitted infections by preventing an exchange of genital secretions.

A condom is to be worn on an erect penis after pinching the air out of the tip of the condom.It should not be reused.

2. Emergency contraceptive pill

How to avoid getting pregnant immediately after intercourse. The answer is the emergency contraceptive pill

It is a hormonal pill for emergency contraception in case of unprotected sexual intercourse. It is particularly effective in preventing pregnancy only when taken within 72 hours of intercourse.It is also known by the name of an I-pill.

3. Long-term contraceptive methods

How to avoid getting pregnant in the long term?. Well, there are few options.

Long-term contraceptives can be in the form of hormonal preparations taken by mouth, injectables or in the form of intrauterine devices

A. Contraceptive pills:

They are hormonal preparations which need to be taken orally by the woman for 21 days in a month giving a gap of 7 days for menstrual bleeding to occur.

The pills may be discontinued anytime the woman wishes to get pregnant

B. Contraceptive injection: 

They are hormonal depot preparations in an injectable form which need to be administered every 3months.If the first shot is received within first 7 days of your cycle it may be effective right away.

Or else you may need another form of contraception at least for a week

C. IUD:

Intrauterine devices are small devices which are inserted into the uterus of a woman so as to prevent pregnancy.

The latest varieties are ones which release small amounts of hormones in a regular and controlled manner.

They are effective for about 3-5 years once inserted depending on the make.They are an ideal choice for women looking for spacing their pregnancy.

Phew!

Okay now, let us look at how to avoid getting pregnant with a few permanent methods.

4.Permanent methods of contraception:

Sterilisation can be undergone by men and women who have completed their family and do not wish to have children in the future.

Vasectomy:

Male sterilization is called vasectomy wherein a portion of the vas deferens of both sides which carries the sperm from the testis to the ejaculatory duct is removed, thereby making the ejaculate devoid of sperms.

Tubectomy:

Female sterilization is called tubectomy wherein the uterine tubes of both sides which transport the mature ova released by the ovaries, are clipped off, thereby preventing the sperm and the ova from meeting.

5.Do not rely on Safe Period:

Even if you keep a close track of your menstrual cycle and have managed to approximately calculate your ovulation time, it only points towards the time in your cycle when you are most fertile.

There is no such safe period during which you can have sex without contraception and not risk becoming pregnant.

Though unlikely, if you fail to use contraception during sex you can conceive at any time during your menstrual cycle, even during or just after your period.

Even if you have never got a period before you still can get pregnant.Pregnancy can also happen during your first period or the first time you have sexual intercourse without contraception

6. Do not rely on pull out: 

Coitus interruptus or the pull-out method refers to withdrawing the penis from the vagina before ejaculation so as to avoid insemination.

You may feel very confident about your control and timing but not ejaculating inside your partner alone does not protect her from the risk of pregnancy.

This is because the pre-ejaculate also may contain few sperms which have the potential to impregnate your partner.

So pull out cannot be relied upon as a sole method of contraception.

7. Play safe even during foreplay

Though very unlikely even ejaculate or pre-ejaculate deposited over your genitals, even though not within the vagina may get you pregnant if the sperms manage to enter the vaginal canal.

The risk may be higher in case of manual play with hands smeared with ejaculate.

So it is wise to use contraception if you’re indulging in intimate foreplay.

8. Be responsible

It is very important to make a responsible and conscious decision about sexual intercourse.

There are high chances of one not resorting to adequate protection if intoxicated or if one has made the decision in the heat of the moment.

A single careless episode can put you at risk

9. Follow up on contraceptive used

A regular follow up with a gynecologist is recommended if a woman is using long-term contraceptives like an IUD so as to confirm its position.

A self-examination for the thread of the IUD which protrudes through the opening of the cervix is also to be done at frequent intervals.This will ascertain if the IUD is still in place.

The IUD change should be done at the right time so as to remain protected.

Care should be taken not to miss or delay subsequent shots of injectable hormonal contraceptives.

10. Be aware of a contraceptive failure

One should look out for possible risk of accidental contraceptive failure or those resulting from human errors.

Accidental tearing of condoms may occur due to improper handling, prolonged storage under unsuitable conditions or due to undue friction while using.

If you happen to miss your pills even for a single day, you are still at risk of pregnancy.

Sometimes the pills may also be rendered ineffective if you are on any other medications be it herbal or allopathic.

I hope you enjoyed this post on how to avoid getting pregnant

Watch this space for more interesting articles on pregnancy, family planning, and fertility control!

Till then,

Be happy and Be Healthy

References:

  1. Healthline: how to avoid getting pregnant 
  2. Mayoclinic: getting pregnant