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Abortion Stigma remains and Self-abortion methods

Abortion Stigma

Dangerous Self Abortion Methods

In India married women also undergo problems of confidentiality issues, lack of awareness, and stigma.

According to a report published by CEHAT, a research centre that publishes papers on health themes, in the experience of 60 per cent of married women, doctors providing abortions insisted on the husband’s permission prior to the procedure, and 28 per cent said this was true in government and private hospitals.

It should be clear that this is not a mandate under the MTP Act.

Self-abortion practices may cost a woman her life, and an unsuccessful attempt to induce such an abortion may cause lasting damage to the fetus resulting in the birth of a congenitally malformed baby.

There are a number of anecdotally recorded and disseminated methods of performing a self-induced abortion. Many of the following methods present a significant danger to the life or health of the woman:

Women in underdeveloped areas of India successfully induce abortions through the following methods:

The cheap prescription synthetic prostaglandin drug Misoprostol is often used as an abortifacient in self-induced abortion.

Although proponents of this method deem it to be safer than those using insertion of objects or chemicals into the uterus, they also note that failure to effect an abortion by this method can lead to the child being born with serious birth defects.

Furthermore, the drug causes a drastic drop in blood pressure, and women may experience heavy bleeding as a result of misusing the drug and self-administration outside medical supervision.

Current medical procedures are significantly physically safer than traditional at-home methods, and are in fact safer than childbirth as evidenced by a seven-year study conducted in the United States.

While abortion through pills is considered safe, it often leads to hemorrhage, incomplete abortion, and is discouraged for anemic women since it causes heavy bleeding.

Surgery is a vacuum evacuation process that minimizes the chances of incomplete abortion but is costlier, though quicker.

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