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Abortion in Indian Law

Abortion is a complex and controversial issue, and laws regarding abortion vary widely across different countries and regions. In India, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP) passed in 1971, governs abortion. The Act permits a woman to terminate her pregnancy under certain conditions, including:

  • The risk to the mother’s life
  • Pregnancy resulting from rape.
  • Physical or mental abnormalities of the child
  • Injury to the woman’s physical or mental health.

However, despite the legal provisions, access to safe and legal abortion services in India remains a challenge, and awareness is key in such areas.


The type of abortion suitable for women depends on several factors, including the stage of pregnancy, medical history, and personal preference. Types of abortion include:

  • Medical Abortion:

Medical abortion involves taking medicines to induce a miscarriage. Medical abortion is usually performed in the first trimester of pregnancy, up to 10 weeks gestation.

Medical abortion is considered safe and effective, with high success rates. However, like any medical procedure, there are risks and potential complications, such as heavy bleeding, infection, incomplete abortion, and allergic reactions to the medication. It is essential to consult with a healthcare provider at safe abortion treatment in Chennai and receive proper medical supervision during and after a medical abortion.

  • Surgical Abortion:

The act of surgical abortion involves removing the fetus from the uterus. There are two types of surgical abortion: vacuum aspiration and dilation and evacuation (D&E).

  • Vacuum aspiration is the most common type of surgical abortion and is performed up to 14 weeks of pregnancy. The process requires opening up the cervix and utilizing surgical tools to extract the pregnancy from the uterus. The suction tube removes the pregnancy from the uterus, and the procedure takes around 10-15 minutes to complete. Most women experience cramping and bleeding for a few days after the procedure, and it is necessary to rest and avoid strenuous activity.
  • Dilation and evacuation (D&E) are performed after 14 weeks of pregnancy. It involves dilating the cervix and using surgical instruments to remove the pregnancy from the uterus. This procedure is done under local or general anaesthesia and takes longer than vacuum aspiration, typically 30-45 minutes. Women may experience cramping, bleeding, and other symptoms for several days after the procedure.

However, abortion involves complications and thus, women need to have access to appropriate abortion treatment in Chennai regardless of the type of abortion they choose. 

Risks associated with abortion

Both medical and surgical abortion carries some risks, although the risks associated with each type of abortion may vary. Some risks and potential complications include heavy bleeding, developing an infection after an abortion which can be serious when left untreated, or risk of damage to the uterus, and even sometimes complications in future preterm birth. Some women may also face emotional challenges which require attention and care. 

Hence, it is essential for women to be aware of these potential complications and to discuss them with discreet abortion services in Chennai to rest assured about their privacy and safety.